Production of Glucoamylase, α-amylase and Cellulase by Aspergillus oryzae F-923 Cultivated on Wheat Bran under Solid State Fermentation

Main Article Content

M. Fadel
Sawsan AbdEl-Halim
Hayat Sharada
Ahmed Yehia
Mayar Ammar

Abstract

Filamentous fungi have been widely utilized in production of enzymes which have many industrial applications. In this study, twenty five local fungal isolates, belonging to Aspergillus sp., Trichoderma sp. and Penicillium sp., were screened under solid state fermentation conditions (SSF) for the production of α-amylase, glucoamylase and cellulase. Asperigillus oryzae F-923, cultivated on wheat bran, was the most promising isolate for production of the target enzymes under this study. Physical parameters of moisture content, pH, temperature and incubation time, optimized were 1:2(w/v), 5.5, 28°C and 72 hr, respectively. The production of enzymes was enhanced when ammonium sulfate was supplemented as a nitrogen source to wheat bran. The production of α-amylase and glucoamylase was also enhanced when 10% (w/w) soluble starch was added as a carbon source to wheat bran. However xylose supplementation at 10% (w/w) was observed to be best for cellulase production. Tap water was found to be efficient for enzymes' extraction from the fermentation medium. Three successive extractions were needed to obtain the produced enzymes from the fermented substrate. Characterization of the produced enzymes revealed that, the optimum temperature for α-amylase and glucoamylase was 60°C, while 50°C was the optimum temperature for cellulase activity. Isopropanol 1:1(v/v) was proved to be more suitable for partial purification of enzymes. Following partial purification of enzymes of glucoamylase, α-amylase and cellulase increased to 10.8, 11.8 and 11.4 folds, respectively.

Keywords:
Glucoamylase, α-amylase, cellulose, Aspergillus oryzae, solid state fermentation.

Article Details

How to Cite
Fadel, M., AbdEl-Halim, S., Sharada, H., Yehia, A., & Ammar, M. (2020). Production of Glucoamylase, α-amylase and Cellulase by Aspergillus oryzae F-923 Cultivated on Wheat Bran under Solid State Fermentation. Journal of Advances in Biology & Biotechnology, 23(4), 8-22. https://doi.org/10.9734/jabb/2020/v23i430149
Section
Original Research Article

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