Notifications of Leptospirosis in the State of Ceará - Brazil, from 2013 to 2019: Profile of Cases and Factors Associated with the Incidence
Issue: 2023 - Volume 26 [Issue 9]
Renara Régia Rocha Carneiro
Pharmacist Hospital in the Northern Region of the City of Sobral, State of Ceará, Brazil.
Guilherme Mendes Prado
Pharmacy Course Teacher, University Center INTA, Sobral-CE, Brazil.
Júlio César Sousa Prado *
Microbiology Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Sobral-CE Campus, Brazil.
Jardna Diniz Macêdo
Biomol, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the Federal University of Ceará, City of Fortaleza, State of Ceará, Brazil.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Objective: This study proposes an epidemiological analysis and distribution of human cases of leptospirosis reported in the State of Ceará, from 2013 to 2019.
Methods: Descriptive study, with data on leptospirosis accidents reported in the Notifiable Diseases Information System between 2013 and 2019.
Results: 344 cases and 24 deaths were reported, with emphasis on the second two months (41%), corresponding to an average annual incidence of 0.54/105 inhabitants and a fatality rate equal to 2.2% per year, directly related to rainfall rates. Of those affected by the disease, 72% were aged 20 to 59, 76% were men, 88% considered themselves black, 39% were residents of urban areas and 59% did not report their education; 87% were diagnosed using clinical-laboratory criteria and 76% were cured.
Conclusion: There was an increase in reports of leptospirosis associated with rainfall, mainly affecting the economically active population, most of whom live on the social margins.
Keywords: Leptospira, descriptive epidemiology, neglected diseases, socioeconomic factors
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