Cultivating Tomorrow: Harnessing Gene Editing and Silencing for Precision Horticulture

Shubham Jain

Department of Fruit Science, ANDUAT, Ayodhya, India.

G. Ranganna

Horticultural Research Station, Vijayarai, Dr. Y.S.R. Horticultural University, 534475, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Priyanka Shivaji Jadhav

Department of Horticulture, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, India.

Ujjwal Shrivastava

Department of Fruit Science, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology Kanpur, U.P (208002), India.

Ankita Sood

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Thunag, Mandi, India.

Lalu Prasad

Department of Vegetables Science, Acharya Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, Kumarganj, Ayodhya, UP, India.

Suraj Luthra

Department of Vegetables Science, Acharya Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, Kumarganj, Ayodhya, UP, India.

Anushi *

Department of Fruit Science, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology Kanpur, U.P (208002), India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Precision Horticulture, propelled by gene editing and silencing technologies, emerges as a transformative approach to address the demands of sustainable and efficient crop production. Utilizing CRISPR-Cas9 and RNA interference, horticulturists can precisely modify and regulate plant genomes, ushering in a new era of tailored crops. Gene editing enables the development of crops with heightened resistance to pests, diseases, and improved adaptability. This targeted enhancement, coupled with accelerated breeding processes, results in resilient varieties that meet the challenges of evolving agricultural landscapes. Concurrently, gene silencing technologies allow for the suppression of undesirable traits, extending the shelf life of produce and minimizing post-harvest losses. Integration of these technologies into Precision Horticulture not only optimizes crop traits but also promotes sustainability by reducing reliance on chemical inputs. The approach aligns with environmental conservation, ensuring a more ecologically balanced and resource-efficient cultivation. However, responsible deployment and ethical considerations are paramount for widespread acceptance, highlighting the need for a harmonious balance between technological innovation and ethical utilization in shaping the future of horticulture.

Keywords: Gene editing, development, resistance, targeted


How to Cite

Jain , S., Ranganna, G., Jadhav , P. S., Shrivastava , U., Sood , A., Prasad , L., Luthra , S., & Anushi. (2024). Cultivating Tomorrow: Harnessing Gene Editing and Silencing for Precision Horticulture. Journal of Advances in Biology & Biotechnology, 27(1), 147–160. https://doi.org/10.9734/jabb/2024/v27i1688

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